7 December 2010
Question for written answer
to the Commission
Renate Weber (ALDE) , Marietje Schaake (ALDE) , Sonia Alfano (ALDE) , Louis Michel (ALDE) , Cecilia Wikström (ALDE) , Alexander Alvaro (ALDE) , Nathalie Griesbeck (ALDE) and Baroness Sarah Ludford (ALDE)
Subject: Request for information on the agreement with Libya
The negotiations between the EU and Libya on a Framework Agreement including migration policy issues started in November 2008. On 5 October 2010, the Commission announced that it has offered Libya up to EUR 60 million for the period 2011‑13 in aid to stop the flow of illegal migrants to Europe, protect refugees, and fund initiatives related to border surveillance.
Parliament regrets that neither the Commission nor the Council has shared with it the negotiation mandate for the agreement with Libya, in particular its legal basis, the minutes and reports of the negotiation rounds, and in-depth information on the concrete contents of the negotiations, notably on human rights, refugee rights, the signature of the Geneva Convention and respect for the UNHCR’s status. Does the Commission agree that access to the above documents should be granted to Parliament? If not, why?
Moreover, the Libyan authorities have said that the financial contribution they had expected from the EU to stop clandestine immigration to Europe would be much higher than EUR 60 million. Can the Commission indicate the actual total amount of contributions that will be allocated? How will the money be spent? Does the Agreement foresee cooperation between EU and Libyan police services, for example? What human rights conditionalities are in place? If none, why not?
Parliament is also concerned at the reasons given by Libya for the expulsion of the UNHCR. Can the Commission give Parliament more details about the re-opening of the UNHCR office, and about the intentions of Libya as regards signature of the Geneva Convention and recognition of refugee status? If not, why not?
Finally, on 29 and 30 November 2010 an EU‑Africa summit will take place in Tripoli. Does the Commission intend to discuss matters of migration policy at this EU‑Africa summit, and how does it intend to keep Parliament informed on the matter?
Please find the answer here.